A lipoprotein is a particle composed of lipid and protein molecules, bound together, that transports cholesterol in the blood. Low-density lipoproteins (LDL) make up the majority of the cholesterol in the body; high levels increase the risk of coronary artery disease and stroke. High-density lipoproteins (HDL) absorb cholesterol and transport it to the liver, which then eliminates it from the body; high HDL levels reduce the risk of coronary artery disease and stroke.
In Our Own Words
A lipoprotein is a particle that is part protein and part lipid (a fat-like substance). Lipoproteins carry cholesterol in the blood.
HDL or good cholesterol absorbs the cholesterol from the body and takes it back to the liver, which then flushes it out of the body. The higher the HDL levels, the lower the risk of heart disease and stroke.