Health A-Z


Clinical Definition

When a woman’s ovaries no longer release eggs and she hasn’t menstrated in one year, she has entered menopause. It marks the end of a woman’s reproductive period, when her body begins to produce less estrogen and progesterone.

In Our Own Words

A women officially enters menopause when she hasn’t had a menstrual cycle in one year, which usually occurs between the ages of 45 and 55. After menopause, a woman can no longer become pregnant. While every woman is affected differently by menopause, it can be characterized by symptoms such as hot flashes, moodiness and irregular sleep.

Because a woman’s body begins to produce less estrogen and progesterone after menopause, post-menopausal women are more prone to several health problems, including osteoporosis and heart disease.

Symptoms and Side Effects

  • Hot flashes
  • Night sweats
  • Sleep disturbances
  • Vaginal dryness

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