How Does Diabetes Affect My Health?

how does diabetes affect my health

Asking how does diabetes affect my health? Learn about physical effects of the disease.

What are the effects of diabetes Type 2, and how does diabetes affect my health? Diabetes is a disease that can cause serious problems in the body when it is not managed well. Taking hold of managing your diabetes is the most important thing you can do for yourself. The risk of diabetes complications can be reduced if you are diligent in managing your health and lifestyle. Being informed of the risks and what you can do to help prevent them is the first step.

  1. Long-Term Effects

How does diabetes affect my body? Diabetes can affect your eyes, feet, kidneys, nerves, heart, large and small blood vessels, and more. One of the most common long-term effects of type 2 diabetes is the damage that is done to the heart, brain and legs. When small blood vessels become damaged it can cause complications in your eyes, and affect your vision. The effects of diabetes type 2 can also harm the skin, the immune system, teeth and gums, the digestive system, and sexual organs.

  1. Eye Damage

Retinopathy occurs when the small blood vessels in the retina of the eye become damaged. This problem is not evident because there are no immediate symptoms. It is imperative to receive regular eye exams to determine if changes have occurred in your eyes, and if so, to receive treatment before the condition worsens. Macular edema is another problem that causes the macula of the retina to swell with excess fluid. Macula degeneration can cause a loss of vision, so it is important to have your eyes checked for this problem too. Other effects of diabetes Type 2 are eye problems that involve glaucoma or cataracts. If you notice any change in your vision you should immediately have an eye exam.

  1. Kidney Disease

How does diabetes affect my health? Diabetics have a higher risk of developing kidney disease, known as nephropathy. Kidney disease can present no symptoms, so it is important to have a urine protein analysis at least once a year, and also a e-GFR blood test to determine the status of your kidney function. If a problem arises with your kidney, there are medications available to slow or prevent any progression of the disease.

  1. Cardiovascular Disease

How does diabetes affect my body regarding my heart? Unfortunately, another risk of diabetes is developing blood vessel disease and cardiovascular disease. The risk of developing these complications increases among smokers, and individuals with high blood pressure and cholesterol levels. Blood pressure should be checked often and cholesterol levels should be held in check through diet, exercise and medications. Your doctor may also suggest a stress test and electrocardiogram.

  1. Nerve Damage

If you are still wondering “how does diabetes affect my health,” consider this: high blood sugar levels increase the risk of nerve damage (neuropathy). Nerve damage can affect your sense of touch, and nerve functions that control movements of the arms, legs, hands and feet, chest, stomach, and numerous body organs such as the bowels and bladder. Recommendations are to stop smoking, limit alcohol consumption, and test for a vitamin B12 deficiency. If you are having problems in any of these areas, consult your doctor.

  1. Foot Problems

Effects of diabetes Type 2 include nerve damage that limits the blood supply to the feet, resulting in clawed toes, infections, foot ulcers, delayed healing, structural changes, and reduced feeling. You should receive an annual foot exam by a podiatrist, and always check your feet for calluses, blisters, cuts, corns, and changes in the toes. Keep your feet clean, moisturized, and well protected with shoes that support your feet.

Diabetes can also affect other areas of your body including your mental health. That is why you should speak with your doctor about any physical or psychological problems or changes that may arise. How does diabetes affect my health? Diabetes can cause a host of problems if you are not consistent in watching your diet, exercise, medications, and monitoring your blood sugar levels. You can learn more tips on how to take care of your body with diabetes at


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