Health A-Z


Clinical Definition Salmonella is a type of bacteria and a common cause of foodborne illness, or food poisoning. The infection associated with Salmonella is called salmonellosis. In Our Own Words Salmonella bacteria are one of the most common causes of food poisoning. Gastroenteritis with diarrhea and cramping is the most common presentation. Symptoms can last


Clinical Definition Salmonellosis is an infectious illness, which causes a type of gastroenteritis. It occurs in all parts of the world and is due to ingestion of food contaminated with the bacteria salmonella. The period from ingesting foods contaminated with the bacteria and symptoms is generally 8 to 72 hours. The illness is usually characterized


Clinical Definition Sarcoidosis is a systemic disease caused by an exaggerated inflammatory response by the immune system after environmental stimuli. The response causes the formation of granulomas. Although granulomas may develop anywhere on the body, they commonly occur in the lungs causing interstitial fibrosis. There may be a genetic predisposition, but the etiology is unknown.


Clinical Definition Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS) is a viral infectious disease that results in a serious respiratory infection. The causative agent is a SARS-associated coronavirus. SARS often causes pneumonia-like symptoms to develop, which can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). It is most often spread through respiratory droplets. The virus’s incubation period (from

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