Testicular cancer originates in the testicles, usually affecting a single testicle. Risk factors include having an undescended testicle, Klinefelter’s syndrome, being of Caucasian race and having a family history of testicular cancer. Scrotal edema, testicular lumps or swelling and groin aches are possible symptoms. Diagnosis is by ultrasound, serum tumor markers and physical exam; treatment may include surgery, radiation and chemotherapy, with a good prognosis for most.
In Our Own Words
Testicular cancer, or cancer of the testes, usually affects a single testicle, not both. Men who have a family history, a history of an undescended testicle, having an extra X chromosome (Klinefelter’s syndrome), or who are Caucasian have higher risks than others.
Symptoms and Side Effects
- Swelling in the scrotum
- Testicular lump or swelling
- Dull ache in the abdomen or groin
- Pain or a feeling of heaviness in the scrotum or in a testicle