Health A-Z


Clinical Definition Periodontitis is chronic inflammation of the periodontal tissue in the mouth due to bacteria. Tissue affected can include the gingiva, bone and root of the tooth. In Our Own Words Periodontitis is a stage of gum disease. When bacteria in plaque start to build up, it causes gingivitis. First the gums become inflamed,

Peripheral Artery Disease

Clinical Definition Peripheral artery disease is a circulatory disorder that causes a narrowing and stiffening of the peripheral arteries. It most often involves the arteries of the pelvis or the lower extremities, compromising blood flow. Complications can include gangrene and critical limb ischemia. Usually, the condition is due to atherosclerosis. Peripheral artery disease increases a

Peripheral Nerve Disease

Clinical Definition Peripheral nerve disease is any one of a group of disorders that causes peripheral neuropathy and interferes with proper nerve cell functioning. Various nerves, such as the sensory, motor and autonomic nerves, may also be involved depending on the disease and the underlying cause. Sensation and muscle functioning may be impacted to varying

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